The geography of Thailand attracts many tourists from different parts of the world. Located in the center of Southeast Asia. The geography of Thailand features many natural borders with neighboring countries: a mountainous border with Myanmar to the north and west; a long stretch of the Mekong River separating Thailand from Laos to the north and east; and the Mekong River and the Dongrak Mountains delineating the border of Cambodia to the east; stretching down the Malaysian peninsula, the slender trunk of the figurative elephant separates the Andaman Sea from the Gulf of Thailand, providing Thailand with beaches and islands along opposing shores.
The Thailand climate is controlled by tropical monsoons and the weather in Thailand is generally hot and humid across most of the country throughout most of the year. While Thailand’s seasons are generally divided into the hot season, from March to May; cool season, from November to February and rainy season, from June to October.
While the Thai language is the official language of Thailand, one could say English is its unofficial second language. As tourist and business visitors from around the world have traveled to Thailand, English naturally has become the common linguistic “currency” even while many of those visitors learned how to speak Thai. Consequently, population centers that host many foreigners, such as Bangkok, Chiang Mai, and the islands have many people who can speak both Thai and English quite well.
Thais have a strong sense of hospitality and generosity. Seniority is paramount in Thai culture. Elders have by tradition ruled in family decisions or ceremonies.
In Thai culture, greetings are important and the traditional greeting is known as the ‘Wai’. This is when both hands are raised and the palms joined. The fingers should point upwards as if you are about to pray and the hands should be in contact with the body in the chest area. It is considered to be a sign of respect for the person you are greeting. The head should be inclined slightly to meet the thumbs. A person does not have to be standing to make this greeting. Those who are younger or junior in status should offer the wai first. A wai may not be returned if the recipient considers that the social divide is too wide.
Politeness, kind behavior and self-control are expected in Thai society. Aggression is to be avoided. It is also considered to be very rude to openly criticize another person. It is important to them to always look for a compromise in a difficult situation.
The northern region of Thailand differs from the rest of the country, both in geography and climate as well as culturally and linguistically. Chiang Mai is the largest city in the North of Thailand. It is the Rose of the North and enchanting for you to experience.
Chiang Mai means “ new city” and was so named because it became the new capital of the Lanna kingdom when it was founded in 1296 by King Mengrai, succeeding Chiang Rai, the former capital founded in 1262.
Chiang Mai is one of the most beautiful provinces, about 700 km north of Bangkok and situated on the Mae Ping River basin, featuring mountain ranges and hills amidst lush greenery. The province is also known as being a home to tribal people who live on high hills including the Hmong, Yao, Lahu, Lisu, Akha and Karen.
Chiang Mai’s climate is controlled by tropical monsoons and falls into three main seasons. The weather, like in most of Thailand, is typically hot and humid.
Cool season -This season starts in November and lasts until February. The cooler weather normally only occurs in the northern mountains, Therefore tourists often prefer this season.
Hot season-The hot season starts from March until late June. Higher temperature and infrequent rain are the general characteristic of this season.
Rainy season-This season in Chiang Mai lasts from July to October. Heavy downpour dominates and the temperature range from 25 degreescelsius to 34 degreescelsius.
Central Thai is used in education and is understood by everyone. The inhabitants speak Kham Muang among themselves. English is used in hotels and travel-related businesses.
Chiang Mai is a colorful combination of various elements brought together from historic and multi-ethnic contexts. Many people still retain their unique language, food and tradition dress.Customs and beliefs passed down from their ancestors.